Basic Terms in Staffing of Employees

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Sections of this topic

    Basic Terms in Staffing of Employees

    Sections of This Topic Include

    Task
    Job
    Role
    Work Measurement
    Job Analysis
    Job Description
    Job Evaluation
    Work Design and Job Design
    Staffing Planning
    General Resources

    Also consider
    Related Library Topics


    Basic Terms in Staffing of Human Resources

    Basic Terms in Staffing of Human Resources

    Task

    A task is a recurring activity, usually small in scope, that is required in
    a job role, for example, complete a daily time card or operate an automobile.

    Job

    A job is a recurring set of similar tasks and responsibilities in order to
    accomplish certain results in an organization.

    Role

    A role is a recurring activity, larger in scope than a task, that describes
    the overall, recurring activities that a person does in an organization. Think
    of a part that people play in the organization.

    Work Measurement

    From the Institute
    for Management Services

    Work measurement is the process of establishing the time that a given task
    would take when performed by a qualified worker working at a defined level of
    performance.

    Job Analysis

    From SHRM

    Job analysis is the systematic study of a job to determine which
    activities and responsibilities it includes, its relative importance to other
    jobs, the personal qualifications necessary for performance of the job and the
    conditions under which the work is performed. An important concept in job analysis
    is that the job, not the person doing the job, is assessed, even though HR may
    collect some job analysis data from incumbents.

    From HR Guide to the
    Internet

    Job Analysis is a process to identify and determine in detail
    the particular job duties and requirements and the relative importance of these
    duties for a given job. Job Analysis is a process where judgments are made about
    data collected on a job.
    What is the difference between
    job design and job analysis?
    Job Analysis:
    An Overview

    Job Analysis and links

    The activities of a job analysis can suggest the activities needed
    in a certain job. It can also suggest the roles and responsibilities in that
    job. That, in turn, can generate a job description for that job.

    Job Description

    A job description is a written document that describes the roles
    and responsibilities in a job. Job descriptions are often referenced to know
    what to evaluate about an employee when completing employee appraisals (evaluations).

    There are various different formats of a job descriptions including
    title of the job position, brief summary description, minimum requirements to
    qualify for performing the job (minimum certifications and years of experience),
    job duties and any restrictions in performance (must be able to lift over 40
    pounds).

    Job Description
    (Wikipedia overview)
    How to
    Design a New Job (how to create one)
    Samples
    of Job Descriptions (numerous samples)

    Job Evaluation

    A job evaluation is clarifying the focus, scope and depth of different jobs,
    usually be comparing different, but similar, jobs to each other.

    Work Design and Job Design

    The Business
    Dictionary
    defines work design as:

    An arrangement in the workplace that has the objective of overcoming
    employee alienation and job dissatisfaction that comes about from mechanical
    and repetitive tasks in the workplace. Work design is used by organizations
    to boost productivity by offering employees non- monetary rewards such as satisfaction
    from a greater sense of personal achievement. Also called job design.

    From Wikipedia

    Job design (also referred to as work design or task design) is
    a core function of human resource management and it is related to the specification
    of contents, methods and relationship of jobs in order to satisfy technological
    and organizational requirements as well as the social and personal requirements
    of the job holder or the employee.

    Work
    Design
    Work Design (Wikipedia)
    Work Design
    in an Organizational Context
    Principles
    of Good Work Design

    Staffing Planning

    The staffing plan specifies what positions, jobs and/or roles
    will be needed by the organization, usually over the next year, along with how
    they will be organized into the organization, including who they will report
    to and how they will work together.
    How to Know What
    Positions and Jobs Are Needed

    General Resources

    Basics, Terms and
    Definitions (and Misconceptions) About Management
    Basic
    Terms in Training and Development
    Glossary
    of HR Terms
    Job,
    Role, Competency and Skills Analysis

    Also consider
    Organizing
    or Reorganizing an Organization and Its Employees
    Organizational Structures and Design


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