Large-Scale Interventions for Organizational Change

Sections of This Topic Include

Overview of Large-Scale Interventions
Some Specific Large-Scale Interventions

General Resources

Also see
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Also See the Library's Blogs Related to Large-Scale Interventions

In addition to the articles on this current page, also see the following blogs that have posts related to Large-Scale Interventions. Scan down the blog's page to see various posts. Also see the section "Recent Blog Posts" in the sidebar of the blog or click on "next" near the bottom of a post in the blog. The blog also links to numerous free related resources.

Library's Consulting and Organizational Development Blog
Library's Leadership Blog
Library's Supervision Blog


Overview of Large-Scale Interventions

The field of Organization Development sees large-scale organizational change as being incremental changes across most or all of the organization. However, with the recent focus on transformational -- fundamental and radical -- change, practitioners often refer to large-scale interventions as means to accomplish transformational change.

Robert Rhouda, of the University of St. Thomas in Minneapolis, Minnesota, provides a specific, itemized definition of large-scale interventions for organizational change, in his paper, Background and Theory for Large Scale Organizational Change. According to Rhouda, "The major features of large-scale, real-time change management process include:

  1. the theory-base uses less action research and discrepancy theory, and focuses on application of systems theory
  2. the data base source is no longer internal to the organization, but now involves both the organization and its environment (an open-systems approach)
  3. the data base, which formerly had limited availability, is now widely shared throughout the organization
  4. time: what was formerly a slow "waterfall" process is now a fast, quick response which results in immediate action taking place
  5. learning moves from the individual or unit to the whole organization
  6. the responsibility and accountability moves from senior management to a mixture of senior management plus the whole system
  7. the consultant role, formerly reserved for data collection and feedback, now also includes structures and facilities for data analysis and action planning
  8. the change process moves from incremental change to fundamental, organization-wide change"

The following links gives a broad overview of various large-scale interventions.
Background and Theory for Large Scale Organizational Change
Managing Change with Large Scale, Real-Time Interventions
Using Real-Time Strategic Change
Whole Field Assessment And The Change Readiness Checklist

Suggested Additional Reading

To truly grasp the role and context of large-scale organizational change, it is important to understand the broader context and purpose of organizational change, including other types of change, roles during change, and basic guidelines for guiding change. See
Overview of Organizational Change

Some Specific Large-Scale Interventions

The following might be considered examples of large-scale intervention techniques, although there certainly has been argument about what technically qualifies as such an intervention.
Marv Weisbord's Future Search Conference
Dick Axelrod's Conference Model Redesign
Harrison Owen's Open Space Technology
William Stockton's The Mobius Model
Carter McNamara's Integrated Peer Learning Communities

General Resources

Leith's Guide to Large Group Intervention Methods
Yahoo! Groups (must register)

Also see
Communication Is The Key To Successfully Implementing Any Large-scale Organizational Change


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For the Category of Organizational Development:

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