U.S. Employee Laws

Sections of this topic

    U.S. Employee Laws

    Assembled by Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD

    (For information about employee laws in Canada, see the Human
    Resources Development Canada
    website.)

    This section of the library provides miscellaneous information
    which may be helpful as an overview of various aspects of business
    law in the United States of America. Businesses designing personnel
    policies should obtain advice from an attorney specializing in
    the area of employee laws. Businesses requiring legal advice regarding
    potential or current litigation should seek counsel from an attorney.

    Note that employees laws apply the same to for-profit and nonprofit
    organizations.

    Sections of This Topic Include

    Brief overview and history of various
    employee laws

    Major topics and issues
    Major employee laws
    Employee contracts (at-will employment,
    non-compete agreements, etc.)

    Miscellaneous links
    General
    resources (sources with a broad variety of employee-law information)

    Nonprofits
    – legal information with a focus on nonprofits (including info
    about employee laws)

    Legal
    Guides and Links

    Also consider
    Related Library Topics

    Learn More in the Library’s Blogs Related to This Topic

    In addition to the articles on this current page, see the following blogs which have posts related to this topic.
    Scan down the blog’s
    page to see various posts. Also see the section “Recent Blog Posts” in the sidebar of the blog or click
    on “next” near the bottom
    of a post in the blog.

    Library’s
    Human Resources Blog


    Brief Overview and History of Various Employee Laws

    There are a variety of federal laws, executive orders, etc.,
    regarding the selection and treatment of individuals in the workplace.
    Most notable are federal laws established by the Employee
    Law — Civil Rights Act of 1964

    , designed to ensure equal employment opportunity (EEO). Numerous
    EEO guidelines are intended to provide equal opportunities without
    regard to race, religion, origin, sex, age or disability. The
    guidelines also established requirements for affirmative action,
    specifying that employers had to take proactive measures to ensure
    equal opportunity to certain protected groups. Various other laws
    are designed to ensure safety in the workplace, fair pay standards
    and fair treatment of employees providing military service.

    The following brief, historical overview might give the reader
    some initial perspective on employee laws
    Information
    on Federal Labor Laws and Their History

    Major Topics and Issues

    (Note that some or all of the following topics may be addressed
    in the section “Major Employee Laws
    provided below.)
    Affirmative
    Action

    Age
    Discrimination

    Disabled
    Workers

    Discrimination
    (general information)

    Drugs
    in the Workplace

    Equal
    Employment Opportunity

    HIV/AIDS
    in the Workplace

    Preventing
    Violence in the Workplace

    Privacy
    Rights

    Religious
    Protection

    Safety
    in the Workplace

    Sexual
    Harassment

    Sexual
    Orientation Discrimination

    Major Employee Laws

    The following is a list of many of the major employment-related
    laws. (Note that related information about the following laws
    may also be included in the above section “Major
    Topics and Issues
    “.)
    American
    with Disabilities Act (ADA) (protection of disabled citizens)

    Child
    Labor Laws (hiring and pay of minors)

    Employee
    Law — Civil Rights Act of 1964 (the major act of Congress which
    started many employee laws)

    Consolidated
    Omnibus Reconciliation Act (COBRA) (continuation of health benefits)

    Health
    Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) (health insurance
    coverage)

    Eligibility
    of Alien Workers in the U.S.

    Employee
    Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) (protects against misuse
    of benefit plans)

    Fair
    Labor Standards Act (FLSA) (compensation, exempt and nonexempt,
    overtime, etc.)

    Family
    and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) (job-protected leave for medical
    emergencies)

    Federal
    Employee Compensation Act (FECA) (Worker’s Compensation) (injured
    workers)

    Occupational
    Safety and Health Administration Act (OSHA) (safety in the workplace)

    Unemployment
    Compensation (benefits to qualified, unemployed workers seeking
    work)

    Uniformed
    Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA)

    Employee Contracts

    Contracts
    with Employees (about “at will” employment, and includes
    sample contract)

    Miscellaneous Links

    Rights
    of employees in the workplace

    When
    to file a complaint if discriminated against in the workplace

    Fully Informed
    Jury Association

    Juror’s
    Handbook

    Is that even legal?


    For the Category of Legal:

    To round out your knowledge of this Library topic, you may want to review some related topics, available from the link below. Each of the related topics includes free, online resources.

    Also, scan the Recommended Books listed below. They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature.

    Related Library Topics

    Recommended Books