Strategic Alliances: Collaborations, Mergers and Acquisitions and Joint Ventures

One of the most powerful means to strengthen an organization's impact and sustainability is by engaging in a strategic alliance or combining with other organizations. There are a variety of ways this can be structured. Organizations face pressure from funders and investors to efficient collaborate with other organizations. Mergers and acquisitions are a very prominent strategy, especially among large businesses. This topic briefly explains collaborations, mergers and acquisitions and joint ventures.

In their book, Forming Alliances: Working Together to Achieve Mutual Goals, Hoskins and Angelica define an alliance as a relationship between partners that is strategically formed to accomplish goals that benefit the community while strengthening the partners. The authors depict a continuum of alliances that continues from a very loose relationship to a complete merger.

  1. Cooperation – Shorter-term informal relationships that exist without any clearly defined mission, structure, or planning effort.
  2. Coordination – Longer-term, more formal relationships that rely on understanding of missions and focus on a specific effort or programs
  3. Collaboration – Most durable and pervasive relationships where participants bring separate organizations into a new structure with full commitment and common mission. (from Winer and Ray’s Collaboration Handbook: Creating, Sustaining, and Enjoying the Journey)
  4. Merger – A partnership in which two or more corporations decide to become one (from LaPiana’s The Nonprofit Mergers Workbook)

NOTE: LaPiana adds more detail to options for partnering and organizes them into three categories: collaborations, strategic alliances (administrative consolidation and joint programming, and corporate integration (management service organization, joint ventures, parent-subsidiaries and mergers).

Bibliography

  • Collaboration Handbook: Creating, Sustaining, and Enjoying the Journey
    by Michael Winer and Karen Ray. St Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance, 1994.
  • Forming Alliances: Working Together to Achieve Mutual Goals
    by Linda Hoskins and Emil Angelica. St Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance, 2005.
  • The Nonprofit Mergers Workbook
    by David LaPiana. St Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance, 2000.

Sections of This Topic Include

Collaborations
Mergers and Acquisitions
Boards and Mergers and Acquisitions
Joint Ventures
Additional Information for Nonprofits

Additional Perspectives on Organizational Alliances

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Library's Consulting and Organizational Development Blog
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Collaboration

Resources
Collaboration, Knowledge Representation and Automatability
For Successful Collaboration, Think Outside the Box
From Conflict to Collaboration
5 Reasons It Might Be Time to Find a New Business Partner
Partnerships: Frameworks for Working Together

Mergers and Acquisitions

Basics of Mergers and Acquisitions
Mergers and Acquisitions -- Wikipedias
Merges and Acquisitions Primer
Merger and Acquisition
5 Tips for Executing a Successful Acquisition
Litigation in Mergers and Acquisitions
The tools - Mergers and Acquisitions
Business Acquisitions and Financing
Does Takeover Activity Cause Managerial Discipline? Evidence from International M&A Laws

Course 7: Mergers & Acquisitions (Part 1)
Course 7: Mergers & Acquisitions (Part 2)

Mergers and Acquisitions: Understanding the Essentials of Strategy and Execution in the M&A Ecosystem: Part 1 of 4
Mergers and Acquisitions: Understanding the Essentials of Strategy and Execution in the M&A Ecosystem: Part 2 of 4
Mergers and Acquisitions: Understanding the Essentials of Strategy and Execution in the M&A Ecosystem: Part 3 of 4
Mergers and Acquisitions: Understanding the Essentials of Strategy and Execution in the M&A Ecosystem: Part 4 of 4

Boards and Mergers and Acquisitions

Strategic M&A, Spin-Offs, Hostile Transactions and Private Equity
Litigation in Mergers and Acquisitions
Corporate Governance Structure and Mergers
M&A Litigation: A Potential Partial Solution to a Big Problem
Nonprofit Organization Mergers: What to Do
Modernizing the board's role in M&A

Joint Ventures

Joint Venture: An Overview
Joint Ventures (Wikipedia)
Why Joint Ventures?
How to Evaluate a Joint Venture

Nonprofit Information

Nonprofit Mergers and Acquisitions: More Than a Tool for Tough Times
Partners and Competitors in the Nonprofit Sector
Nonprofit Collaborations: 2.0
Model Guidelines for Nonprofits: Evaluating Proposed Relationships with Other Organizations

Additional Perspectives on Organizational Alliances

15 Steps for Successful Strategic Alliances (and Marriages)
The tools - Strategic Alliances


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