Skills and Competencies in Organizational Management

© Copyright Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, Authenticity Consulting, LLC.

Sections of This Topic Include

Preparation

About the Following Categorization of Skills and Practices
Managing Yourself
Basic, Entry-Level Skills in Organizational Management

Major Functions of Management (and areas of knowledge and skills in each)

Major Function -- Planning
Major Function -- Organizing
Major Function -- Leading
Major Function -- Coordinating/Controlling

Nonprofit-Specific Areas of Knowledge and Skills

Nonprofit-Specific Skills

General Resources

Various Other Perspectives

Also see
Related Library Topics

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Library's Leadership Blog


About the Following Categorization of Skills and Competencies

Areas of skills and practices are categorized according to the four major functions of management, including planning, organizing, leading and coordinating. Introductory texts in management often organize their topics according to the same or similar categorization.

However, the four functions are actually highly integrated when carried out in the day-to-day realities of running an organization. Therefore, the reader should not get caught up in trying to closely analyze and understand complete, clear rationale for the categorization of the skills and practices.

In addition, various experts would disagree on what skills and practices should be required for basic, entry level management. However, those listed below typically occur in workshops and seminars focused on entry-level management skills.


Managing Yourself

(Also see the section About the Following Categorization of Skills and Practices included above.)

Library's Coaching Blog
Library's Crisis Management Blog

Basics

Basics for New Managers and Supervisors to Management Themselves

Also Consider

Emotional Intelligence (managing your emotions)
Organizing Yourself (this subtopic is in "Personal Productivity")
Time Management
Work-Life Balance
Career Development (resumes, networking, interviewing, etc.)
Leading Yourself (career & and personal development, personal productivity & wellness)


Basic, Entry-Level Management Skills in Organizations

Various experts would disagree on what skills and practices should be required for basic, entry level management. However, those listed below typically occur in workshops and seminars focused on entry-level management skills. (Also see the section About the Following Categorization of Skills and Practices included above.)

Basics

Decision Making
Delegating
Planning -- Basic Process
Problem Solving
Meeting Management

Also see:

Core Competencies for Leading (problem solving, decision making, planning and influencing)

Also Consider

Basic Guide to Management and Supervision


Major Function: Planning

Simply put, planning is selecting priorities and results (goals, objectives, etc.) and how those results will achieved. Planning typically includes identifying goals, objectives, methods, resources needed to carry out methods, responsibilities and dates for completion of tasks. Examples of planning are strategic planning, business planning, project planning, staffing planning, advertising and promotions planning, etc. (Also see the section About the Following Categorization of Skills and Practices included above.)

Basics

Decision Making -- selecting the best course of action
Planning -- Basics (establishing goals and how they will be reached)
Problem Solving (analyzing alternatives and selecting a course of action)

Various Kinds of Plans

major types of planning:
- business planning
- basics
- management by objectives
- program planning
- project planning
- strategic planning (vision, mission, etc.)

various other types of planning:
- - - advertising and promotions planning
- - - disaster planning
- - - career planning
- - - communications plan (external)
- - - communications plan (internal)

various other types of planning (cont.)
- - - computer system planning
- - - feasibility for new business or program
- - - fundraising planning (nonprofit)
- - - fundraising (for-profits)
- - - leadership development planning
- - - management development planning
- - - marketing planning
- - - performance planning (generic)
- - - performance improvement plans (generic)
- - - program planning
- - - research design planning
- - - staffing planning
- - - supervisoral development planning
- - - training and development planning


Major Function: Organizing

Simply put, organizing is allocating and configuring resources to accomplish the preferred goals and objectives establishing during the planning processes. (Also see the section About the Following Categorization of Skills and Practices included above.)

Various Kinds of Organizing

Organizing Yourself (your office, files, etc.)
Organizing / Designing Tasks, Jobs or Roles
Organizing Staff
Organizing Various Types of Groups
Organizing Communities (typically a nonprofit goal)
Organizing a New Business (whether for-profit or nonprofit)
Guidelines to Reorganize a Current Organization

Human Resources Management

Benefits
Compensation
Staffing (planning, specifying, sourcing, selecting, etc.)
Training and Development

Facilities

Computers, Internet and Web
Facilities Management


Major Function: Leading

Simply put, leading is establishing direction and influencing people to follow that direction. (Also see the section About the Following Categorization of Skills and Practices included above.)

Basics

Core Competencies for Leading (problem solving, decision making, planning and influencing)

Leading Yourself

Leading Yourself (career & and personal development, personal productivity & wellness)

Leading Other Individuals

Leading Individuals (setting goals, methods of influence, building trust, managing conflict, etc.)

Leading Groups and Organizations

Leading Groups (facilitation, meeting management, group problem solving, managing conflict, etc.)
Leading Organizations (strategic analysis, strategic direction, org'l communications, etc.)


Major Function: Coordinating/Controlling Resources and Processes

Simply put, coordinating is monitoring and adjusting resources and processes to achieve goals and objectives in a highly effective and efficient fashion. (Also see the section About the Following Categorization of Skills and Practices included above.)

Feedback Mechanisms

Evaluations (many kinds)
Business Research

Financial Management

Finances (For-Profit)
Finances (Nonprofit)

Groups

Group Performance Management

Legal and Taxation Compliance

Employee Laws, Issues, Topics, etc.
Taxation

Operations

Operations Management

Organizational Performance

Organizational Performance Management (balanced scorecard, TQM, etc.)

Personnel

Employee Laws, Topics and Issues (understanding major laws and regulations)
Employee Performance Management (setting goals, feedback, performance reviews, etc.)
Ethics Management in the Workplace (ensuring highly ethical standards and behaviors)
Personnel Polices (ensuring compliance to legal and organizational rules and regulations)
Supervision (personnel policies, employee performance management, training, etc.)

Processes

Quality Management (quality control, benchmarking, continuous improvement, etc.)

Risk, Safety and Liabilities

Crisis Management
Employee Wellness Programs (diversity management, safety, ergonomics, etc.)
Insurance
Risk Management


Nonprofit-Specific Areas of Skills and Competencies

The following areas of skills and practices are somewhat unique to the needs of a nonprofit management and governance.

Fundraising and Grantwriting (nonprofit)
Governance (Boards of Directors)
Nonprofit Budgeting and Accounting
Nonprofit Program Development and Evaluation
Public Policy (Nonprofit Area)
Volunteer Programs (typically a nonprofit concern)


Links to Various Other Perspectives on Skills and Competencies

Numerous Articles With Suggestions

Various Suggestions for Knowledge and Skills Needed by Management

Managerial Skills

Role of Managers under Different Styles of Management
Six Important Managerial Skills for Successful Leadership
Definition of Management
Priority Management: Focus on the Big Rocks

Various Perspectives on Skills in Management

Guide to Management Resources
ISPSO Paper: Gabriel - The Hubris of Management
Functional Areas of a Business
The Power of Words in Business and Management


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For the Category of Management:

To round out your knowledge of this Library topic, you may want to review some related topics, available from the link below. Each of the related topics includes free, online resources.

Also, scan the Recommended Books listed below. They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature.

Related Library Topics

Recommended Books



General (For-Profit and Nonprofit)

The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. To get more information about each book, just click on the image of the book. Also, a "bubble" of information might be displayed. You can click on the title of the book in that bubble to get more information, too.



Nonprofit-Specific

The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. To get more information about each book, just click on the image of the book. Also, a "bubble" of information might be displayed. You can click on the title of the book in that bubble to get more information, too.



Also see, for Managing

For Managing Yourself
Personal Development -- Related Books

For Managing Other Individuals
Supervision -- Related Books

For Managing Teams
Facilitation and Teams -- Related Books

For Leading Leadership -- Recommended Books


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