How to Design Management Development Programs

© Copyright Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, Authenticity Consulting, LLC.
Adapted from the Field Guide to Leadership and Supervision.

Simply put, management development is an effort (hopefully, planned in nature) that enhances the learner's capacity to manage organizations (or oneself). Very simply put, managing includes activities of planning, organizing, leading and coordinating resources. A critical skill for anyone is the ability to manage their own learning. The highly motivated, self-directed reader can gain a great deal of learning and other results from using the guidelines and materials in this library topic.

The following topics are very closely related to this topic: Management, Leadership Development and Supervisoral Development.

Sections of This Topic Include

Preparation for Learning

Optional -- Suggested Previous Reading
Before Management Development, Get Impression of What "Management" Is
What Does Management Development Look Like?
Strong Value of Self-Directed Learning

Informal Activities to Learn About Management in Organizations

Attempt to Go Beyond Reading Books...
Ideas for Activities to Learn About Management

Customizing Your Own Management Development Program

Preparation for Designing Your Management Training Plan
Determining Your Overall Goals in Management Training
Determining Your Learning Objectives and Activities
Developing Any Materials You May Need
Planning Implementation of Your Management Training Plan
Evaluating Your Management Training Plan and Experiences
Follow-Up After Completion of Your Plan

Basic Guide to Leadership and Supervision

Basic Guide to Leadership and Supervision (html)

This comprehensive publication in published format, written by the author of this library, provides complete how-to, step-by-step directions for all of the most important activities in management and supervision.
Field Guide to Leadership and Supervision

General Resources

Online Glossary of Business Terms

Also see
Related Library Topics

Also See the Library's Blogs Related to Management Development

In addition to the articles on this current page, also see the following blogs that have posts related to Management Development. Scan down the blog's page to see various posts. Also see the section "Recent Blog Posts" in the sidebar of the blog or click on "next" near the bottom of a post in the blog. The blog also links to numerous free related resources.

Library's Leadership Blog
Library's Supervision Blog
Library's Training and Development Blog


PREPARATION FOR LEARNING

Optional -- Suggested Reading as Preparation

To gain broad perspective on management development, the reader would benefit most from first reading the following information.
Introduction to Organizations (read the section titled the "Basics")
Basic Definitions and Roles in Management
Training Basics -- Understanding Training and Development
Training Basics -- Understanding Learning and Development
Is Every Employee Suited for a Management Role?

Before Management Development, Get Impression of "Management"

The first place to start learning about management is to get some sense of what management is -- in particular, understand get an impression of the areas of knowledge and skills recommended for effective management in organizations. Review information in:
Management (Introduction)
Skills and Practices in Organizational Management

What Does Management Development Look Like?

Let's Look at Some Programs

If you read the information in the section Training Basics -- Understanding Learning and Development listed above, you learned about training programs that are informal and formal, and other-directed or self-directed. Management development programs come in all of these combinations, as well. You can learn about management in informal "programs", for example, by reading some articles, discussing management with a friend, etc. You can attend formal training, for example, a course, seminar or workshop. At this point, it might help you to get some perspective on the nature of management development programs by looking at some. See
Examples of Management Development Programs

History of Management Development

It might be interesting for you to get a brief overview of the history of management development, in order to give you broader perspective and understanding of current management development methods.
Historical and Contemporary Theories in Management

What the Future Holds for Management Development Programs

As organizations have faced a new paradigm (see New Paradigm in Management), management development organizations must embrace a new paradigm as well. To get an impression of changes that must be made, read
Leaders' Often Unmet Needs from Training and Development Programs

Strong Value of Self-Directed Learning

The ability to manage one's own learning is an increasingly critical skill. Bouchard explains, “Over the years, it has become increasingly clear that traditional approaches to [training!!] program design and delivery in the workplace and in associative organizations present some important weaknesses. Problem areas include: coping with the short life span of useful knowledge; passing down acquired competencies to succeeding cohorts; accommodating the demands of productivity while providing for a continuity of learning; [and!!] enabling learners to pursue activities that correspond to their learning styles and needs” (in Self-Directed Learning in Organizational Settings (working paper), Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, p. 1).

This topic in the library provides an excellent opportunity to begin managing your learning. To learn more about self-directed learning, see
Strong Value of Self-Directed Learning in the Workplace



INFORMAL ACTIVITIES TO LEARN ABOUT MANAGEMENT

Informal Activities to Learn About Management

Attempt to Go Beyond Reading Books ...

There are a wide range of everyday and on-the-job activities from which you can learn about management and even enhance your management skills. Informal methods can include, for example, reading books, having discussions with friends, on-the-job training, keeping a diary with thoughts about management, etc. One of the more insidious ways to avoid learning to manage is by reading lots of books about management, rather than actually implementing any of the advice offered in any of them. You're not likely to develop much for management skills merely by reading, talking or attending a course unless you actually apply new materials and methods, and continue to reflect on what you're learning along the way.

Ideas for Activities to Learn About Management

One of the most effective and reliable ways to learn is to do so consciously, in a planned fashion. Therefore, be sure to consider customizing your own management training plan. Complete guidelines are provided in the next section, Customizing Your Own Management Development Plan.

The following table includes numerous ideas for activities from which to learn about management, including planning, organizing, leading and coordinating resources.

(Get guidance and assistance:)
· Seek to find a mentor
· Hire a personal/professional coach

(Readings to consider:)
· Read articles on management
· Read major function -- planning
· Read major function -- organizing
· Read major function -- leading
· Read major function -- coordinating
· Read free Basic Guide to Management and Supervision
· Read books on management
· Review the basics of organizational change
· Review the self-management for new managers and supervisors

(Skills to practice:)
· In your next assignment or in a personal plan, design and word goals to be SMARTER
· Learn to be a mentor
· Learn to coach others
· Give a presentation
· Practice basic skills in delegation
· Practice basic skills in listening and sharing feedback
· Customize personal guidelines for some basics in leading, for example, problem solving · Decision Making
· planning
· Plan a meeting and facilitate a meeting
· Clarify your personal values and how you live them out -- develop your codes of ethics and codes of conduct

(Some workplace activities for learning:)
· Start (and stick to) a new project at work or in your life
· Ask your supervisor, peers and subordinates for ideas to develop your management skills
· Ask to be assigned to a management position
· Regularly solicit feedback from others about your management skills

(Other sources for learning:)
· Identify traits and behaviors of your favorite managers
· Consider these development methods
· Design a personal development plan
· Take strong participation in a course, apprenticeship or internship that involves planning, organizing, leading and/or coordination activities
· Take a leadership or management role in a management association
· Volunteer to lead a work or community project, or join a board of directors

(Capturing your learning:)
· Schedule (and stick to) ongoing periods for private reflection; record them in a journal
· Consider designing a formal training plan ((see below)

· (also consider Ideas for Activities to Learn About Supervision)
· (also consider Ideas for Activities to Learn About Leadership)



CUSTOMIZING YOUR OWN MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT PLAN

Your are much more likely to learn useful skills in management if you develop and implement a training plan. The following sections will guide you to develop your own complete, highly integrated (and performance-oriented) management development plan. Each section includes reference to particular sections in the Complete Guidelines to Design Your Training and Development Plan (hereafter called the "Guidelines"). That document includes guidelines for you to identify your overall training goals and the learning objectives and activities to achieve the goals. Guidelines are also provided for carrying out the learning activities and evaluating your entire learning experience.

Preparation for Designing Your Management Training Plan

Read the following two initial sections of the Guidelines (up to "Determining Your Overall Goals in Training") and then return to the next section below.
Directions to Use "Complete Guideline ..."
Preparation for Designing Your Training Plan

Identifying Your Overall Goals in Management Training

Purpose of this Section

This section helps you identify what you want to be able to do as a result of implementing your training plan, for example, qualify for a certain job, overcome a performance problem, meet a goal in your career development plan, etc. Learners are often better off to work towards at most two to four goals at a time. There are a variety of ways to identify your training goals, depending on what you want to be able to accomplish as a result of implementing your training plan.

Begin Identifying Your Training Goals

Consider Performance Gaps, Growth Gaps or Opportunities Gaps

Performance gaps are areas of knowledge and skills need to improve performance and are usually indicated during performance reviews with your supervisor. Growth gaps are areas of knowledge and skills need to reach a career goal. Opportunity gaps are areas of knowledge and skills needed to take advantage of an upcoming opportunity.

Conduct Self-Assessments

The following online, self-assessments may help, as well, by helping you assess certain areas of your own management abilities.
Blake and Mouton Management Grid - Self-Assessment
Change Project: Robert Blake Interview about assessing styles
The Entrepreneur Test - an interactive quiz Are You Ready To Be A Manager?
The merit of assessing management and leadership separately
How To Tell If You Are Management Material

Collect Input From Others

Ask others for ideas to improve your management skills. Try get their input in terms of behaviors you can show. Consider input from performance reviews. See
Performance Reviews / Appraisals

Reference Lists of Areas of Knowledge and Skills Needed in Variety of Roles and Function

Competencies are lists of the general abilities needed to perform a role. Consider the following lists for managing yourself and carrying out major functions in management.
List of Knowledge Areas and Skills Associated with Management Activities
Caution About Using Competencies in Management Development

Reference Books and Other Materials About Management

There is a vast amount of information available regarding management and management skills. However, much of it is in regard to character traits that managers should have. When determining your training goals, translate these character traits to behaviors that you and others can recognize. See
Various Suggestions for Knowledge and Skills Needed in Management

Look at Goals and Objectives of Management Development Programs

These programs can offer good ideas about traits and characteristics needed by managers, and methods to achieve those traits and characteristics. Be careful not to simply adopt suggestions and methods without first considering if they'd really be useful to you.
Free, Self-Directed, Online Micro-eMBA
Free, Self-Directed, Online Nonprofit Micro-eMBA

Don't Forget to Manage Yourself!

Developing skills in management involves changing yourself, stretching yourself. Therefore, you may want to include developing skills in
Managing Yourself

On to Refining and Writing Your Training Goals in Your Plan...

The Guidelines provides additional advice for identifying your training goals. Follow the steps in the following section of the Guidelines until you come to its section titled "Determining Your Learning Objectives and Activities " and then return to the next section below.
Determining Your Overall Goals in Training
Thoughts About Improving Management Training and Development Programs

Determining Your Learning Objectives and Activities

Purpose of this Section

The purpose of this section is to identify the various learning objectives you should achieve and learning activities you should undertake in order to achieve the overall training goals in your plan.

Identifying Your Learning Objectives

Carefully consider each of your training goals. What specifically must be accomplished (that is, what objectives must be reached) in order for you to reach those goals? Which of these objectives require learning new areas of knowledge or skills? These objectives are likely to become learning objectives in your training plan. To get a stronger sense for learning objectives, see
Basic Guidelines (and Examples) for Writing Learning Objectives.

Identifying Your Learning Activities

Learning activities are the activities you will conduct in order to reach the learning objectives. The activities should help you work toward your training goal, accommodate your particular learning styles, be accessible to you and be enjoyable as well. The following link might help you.
Managerial Skills: An Online Book
Management Development in High Tech Companies

Wanna Be a Player? Get a Coach!
Change Project: Robert Blake Interview
Leadership Training and Development Outline
Teambuilding Tips & Articles
Ideas for Activities to Learn About Management

On to Refining and Writing Your Learning Objectives and Activities in Your Plan ...

The Guidelines provide additional advice for identifying your learning objectives and activities. Follow the steps in the following section of the Guidelines until you come to its section titled "Developing Any Materials You May Need" and then return to the next section below.
Determining Your Learning Objectives and Activities

Developing Any Materials You May Need

Developing materials might include, for example, getting books, signing up for courses, reserving rooms, getting coaches, etc. The Guidelines provides additional guidance to develop any materials you may need. Follow the steps in the following section of the Guidelines until you come to its section titled "Planning Implementation of Your Training Plan" and then return to the next section below.
Developing Any Materials You May Need

Also see
Resources for Career Plan to Be a Professional Manager

Planning Implementation of Your Management Training Plan

During implementation, you should think about whether you're really understanding the materials or not, need additional support, etc. The Guidelines provides additional guidance to you during implementation of your plan. Follow the steps in the following section of the Guidelines until you come to its section titled "Planning Quality Control and Evaluation of Your Training Plan and Experiences" and then return to the next section below.
Planning Implementation of Your Training Plan

Evaluating Your Management Training Plan and Experiences

Evaluation includes assessing and making value judgments on whether you achieved your training goals or not, and on the quality of the process to reach those goals. Follow the steps in the following section of the Guidelines until you come to its section titled "Follow-Up After Completion of Your Plan" and then return to the next section below.
Planning Quality Control and Evaluation of Your Training Plan and Experiences

Follow-Up After Completion of Your Plan

Follow the steps in the following section of the Guidelines.
Follow-Up After Completion of Your Plan

Online Glossary of Business Terms

Online glossary of business terms


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For the Category of Management:

To round out your knowledge of this Library topic, you may want to review some related topics, available from the link below. Each of the related topics includes free, online resources.

Also, scan the Recommended Books listed below. They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature.

Related Library Topics

Recommended Books



General (For-Profit and Nonprofit)

The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. To get more information about each book, just click on the image of the book. Also, a "bubble" of information might be displayed. You can click on the title of the book in that bubble to get more information, too.



Nonprofit-Specific

The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. To get more information about each book, just click on the image of the book. Also, a "bubble" of information might be displayed. You can click on the title of the book in that bubble to get more information, too.



Also see, for Managing

For Managing Yourself
Personal Development -- Related Books

For Managing Other Individuals
Supervision -- Related Books

For Managing Teams
Facilitation and Teams -- Related Books

For Leading Leadership -- Recommended Books


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